Missouri licensure takes place at the local level of government and training requirements are minimal. It seems that very few state laws exist to regulate the security industry. There are a couple of chapters of state administrative code which apply to the Kansas City and St. Louis areas. These codes are linked below this article.
The Kansas City and St. Louis areas are absolutely unique security licensing and regulatory environments. In these locations security is governed by rules established inside of the state's administrative code. The rules are created by the Kansas City and St. Louis boards of police commissioners. In these areas, officers may apply for different classes of licenses. These licenses may endow the officer with special powers of arrest and detention subject to certain limitation such as the requirement that the detention action occur within the geographic limits of the property the officer is responsible for protecting.
Generic requirements will most likely include a minimum age (18 years for unarmed and 21 for armed), and a mostly felony-free criminal background. Armed officers will need to pass an approved firearms test. It is important to note possible variances between jurisdictions.
Depending on the city, there are exemptions from the security licensing requirements. Here is an example. Columbia's city ordinance exempts law enforcement officers, those who work for an employer who is not a security service provider, and those who are only working within the city temporarily and are not in the city more than 14 days' time. Joplin's ordinance exempts employees of armored car services. Similar exemptions are likely found within other town's ordinances several of which are listed below this article.
Since most regulation in Missouri appears to take place at the local level it seems there is little regulatory language within Missouri state law. However, officers licensed within the St. Charles County area will be relieved to know that Missouri law requires reciprocity between area towns. This means a license earned within the St. Louis area should qualify the officer to work within other St. Louis area suburbs without necessarily having to start from scratch and get another license.
Local ordinances sometimes establish appeals processes for those whose applications have been rejected.
Here are links to various security regulation and licensure ordinances from Missouri cities. Kansas City and St. Louis area officers should review the Title 17 Code of State Regulations which govern the security industry in those areas. Find the city of your interest and click on the link. If you can not find your city here then you may choose to visit the local police department.
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